TEDxEMU – Justin Ford – Pedagogy of Privilege

Published on Apr 11, 2012

This talk will introduce the “Multi-Dimension” model of privilege, which is a holistic, comprehensive approach to teaching the concept of privilege. Additionally, exercises and suggestions will be offered to practitioners around effective application and pedagogy of the Multi-Dimension model; ultimately helping to create greater awareness and understand of privilege as students, practitioners, and community members.

Justin W.S. Ford is currently a second year masters student in the Educational Leadership program, and the Graduate Assistant for the LGBT Resource Center at EMU. He earned his B.A. in Communication from Michigan State University in 2010 with a specialization in interpersonal and intimate communication. Justin has enjoyed nearly two years at EMU serving as a graduate assistant in both the Women’s Resource Center and the LGBT Resource center, and as a graduate instructor for UNIV courses. He is primarily interested in leadership development, student development, and success factors for underrepresented student populations

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.


Which States Are Friendliest to Teachers?

Which States Are Friendliest to Teachers?

Education Week

By Alix Mammina on September 27, 2017 11:39 AM

New York takes first place while Arizona ranks as the worst state for teachers to work in, according to a new report from the personal finance website WalletHub.

The study evaluated 21 key indicators across two categories—”Opportunity & Competition,” which covers salaries, pensions, and tenure protections, and “Academic & Work Environment,” which includes average pupil-teacher ratio and quality of school systems. After calculating a total score based on averages across all metrics, WalletHub ranked each state and the District of Columbia from the best to worst places for teachers to work.

New Jersey, Illinois, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania rounded out the top five best states. New York racked up the most points in opportunity and competition due to its high rate of public-school spending per student, while New Jersey took first spot in the academic and work environment ranking because of its high-quality school systems and low pupil-teacher ratio. Illinois ranked second for both highest annual salary and lowest projected teacher turnover, likely contributing to its overall high placement.

See alsoNew Report Names the Best Cities to Live in If You’re a Teacher

On the opposite side of the spectrum, the top five worst states for teachers included Hawaii, South Carolina, Mississippi, and Florida. Hawaii took last place in the opportunity and competition ranking, weighed down by having both the lowest average starting salary—$24,508—and the lowest average annual salary, at just $34,308.

Arizona’s low ranking can be attributed to its high pupil-teacher ratio and projected teacher turnover rate. These factors are indicative of its current teacher shortage—which has gotten so bad, some school districts in the state are hiring teachers without bachelor’s degrees or even any teacher training or experience.

But some critics have questioned the validity of WalletHub’s findings. After the release of the first annual report in 2014, Washington Post reporter Valerie Strauss noted that the rankings don’t include key metrics like job protections or fair evaluations. And while WalletHub breaks down each state’s rank and score, the full data set for the study isn’t provided—a drawback that Education Week Teacher noted after the release of the first report.

Want to know how your state stacks up? Take a look at the interactive map below, or check out the online report for a full list of rankings.

Best & Worst States for Teachers

Overall Rank
(1 = Best)
State Total Score ‘Opportunity & Competition’ Rank ‘Academic & Work Environment’ Rank
1 New York 68.12 1 10
2 New Jersey 66.43 18 1
3 Illinois 65.71 3 7
4 Connecticut 64.12 21 2
5 Pennsylvania 63.65 11 4
6 Minnesota 62.67 10 9
7 Massachusetts 61.32 23 3
8 Wyoming 61.22 9 16
9 Ohio 59.54 15 13
10 Oregon 59.18 2 34
11 Utah 58.93 13 19
12 Michigan 57.82 5 31
13 Rhode Island 57.80 17 21
14 North Dakota 57.60 31 5
15 Indiana 57.10 16 24
16 Missouri 56.62 8 38
17 Kentucky 56.52 12 26
18 Iowa 56.40 19 23
19 California 55.77 6 42
20 Texas 55.55 4 46
21 Wisconsin 55.47 29 11
22 Washington 55.21 27 18
23 Nevada 55.09 7 43
24 Delaware 55.04 32 8
25 Virginia 54.36 26 22
26 Georgia 53.55 20 32
27 Vermont 53.26 40 6
28 Idaho 53.25 22 28
29 Alaska 51.51 14 48
30 Nebraska 51.43 25 33
31 Maryland 51.21 37 17
32 Kansas 50.79 38 20
33 Colorado 50.68 43 12
34 Arkansas 50.31 28 36
35 Alabama 49.35 24 45
36 District of Columbia 48.59 30 40
37 New Hampshire 48.21 47 14
38 Tennessee 47.52 34 37
39 West Virginia 47.44 36 35
40 South Dakota 46.02 41 30
41 Maine 45.97 49 15
42 Oklahoma 45.71 33 44
43 Montana 45.47 44 29
44 New Mexico 44.87 39 41
45 North Carolina 44.59 46 27
46 Louisiana 43.83 35 49
47 Florida 42.30 50 25
48 Mississippi 41.32 42 51
49 South Carolina 41.16 45 47
50 Hawaii 39.19 51 39
51 Arizona 37.72 48 50


Multicultural Education in Your Classroom

SOURCE: https://techfeatured.com/5412/multicultural-education-in-your-classroom-2

America has always been referred to as a melting pot, but ideally, it’s a place where we strive to invite everyone to celebrate exactly who they are. As the US population is becoming increasingly diverse and technology makes the world feel increasingly smaller, it is time to make every classroom a multicultural classroom.

What is Multicultural Education?

Multicultural education is more than celebrating Cinco de Mayo with tacos and piñatas or reading the latest biography of Martin Luther King Jr. It is an educational movement built on basic American values such as freedom, justice, opportunity, and equality. It is a set of strategies aimed to address the diverse challenges experienced by rapidly changing U.S. demographics. And it is a beginning step to shifting the balance of power and privilege within the education system.

The goals of multicultural education include:

  • Creating a safe, accepting and successful learning environment for all
  • Increasing awareness of global issues
  • Strengthening cultural consciousness
  • Strengthening intercultural awareness
  • Teaching students that there are multiple historical perspectives
  • Encouraging critical thinking
  • Preventing prejudice and discrimination

Advantages of Multicultural Education

According to the National Association for Multicultural Education (NAME), multicultural education:

  • Helps students develop positive self-image.
  • Offers students an equitable educational opportunity.
  • Allows multiple perspectives and ways of thinking.
  • Combats stereotypes and prejudicial behavior.
  • Teaches students to critique society in the interest of social justice.

Road Blocks to Implementing Multicultural Education

Contrary to popular belief, multicultural education is more than cultural awareness, but rather an initiative to encompass all under-represented groups (people of color, women, people with disabilities, etc) and to ensure curriculum and content including such groups is accurate and complete.

Unfortunately, multicultural education is not as easy as a yearly heritage celebration or supplemental unit here and there. Rather, it requires schools to reform traditional curriculum.

Too often, students are misinformed and misguided. Not all textbooks present historical content fully and accurately. For instance, Christopher Columbus is celebrated as the American hero who discovered America. This take on history completely ignores the pre-European history of Native Americans and the devastation that colonization had on them. Some history books are being revised, but often, it’s much easier to teach that “In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.”

Most curriculums also focus more on North America and Europe than any other region. Most students have learned about genocide through stories of the Holocaust, but do they know that hundreds of thousands of people are being killed in places like Darfur and Rwanda? Despite our close proximity to Latin America, American schools typically spend little time reading Latin American literature or learning about the culture and history?

Thus, multicultural education is most successful when implemented as a schoolwide approach with reconstruction of not only curriculum, but also organizational and institutional policy.

Unfortunately most educational institutions are not prepared to implement multicultural education in their classrooms. Multicultural education requires a staff that is not only diverse, but also culturally competent. Educators must be aware, responsive and embracing of the diverse beliefs, perspectives and experiences. They must also be willing and ready to address issues of controversy.  These issues include, but are not limited to, racism, sexism, religious intolerance, classism, ageism, etc.

What You Can Do in Your Classroom

Just because we’re facing an uphill battle doesn’t mean we shouldn’t take those first steps. To integrate multicultural education in your classroom and your school, you can:

  • Integrate a diverse reading list that demonstrates the universal human experience across cultures
  • Encourage community participation and social activism
  • Go beyond the textbook
  • By supplementing your curriculum with current events and news stories outside the textbook, you can draw parallels between the distant experiences of the past and the world today.
  • Creating multicultural projects that require students to choose a background outside of their own
  • Suggest that your school host an in-service professional development on multi-cultural education in the classroom

Favorite Lessons in Multicultural Education

Analyze issues of racism through pop culture.

Example: Study the affects of WWII for Japanese Americans through political cartoons, movies, photography, etc.

Analyze issues of socioeconomic class through planning and development.

Example: Design a development project with solutions to the needs of those living in poverty stricken communities.

Analyze issues of sexism through media.

Example: Make a scrapbook of stereotypical portrayals of both men and women. Compare both positive and negative stereotypes and determine the struggles they face as a result of these stereotypes.

Recommended Resources:


Becoming Multicultural Educators by Geneva Gay

Beyond Heros and Holidays by Enid Lee

Lies My Teachers Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong by James Loewen

Professional Development

Teaching Diversity: Influences and Issues in the Classroom

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