The Meaning Behind 5 of the Most Popular Rosh Hashanah Traditions


8:03 AM EDT

Rosh Hashanah ushers in the beginning of the Jewish year and is a holiday that celebrates the creation of the world, something that’s reflected in its name, which means “head of the year” in Hebrew.

Rosh Hashanah 2018 will begin at sundown on Sunday, Sept. 9, and will continue through nightfall on Tuesday, Sept. 11, marking the start of the Days of Awe, a 10-day period of reflection and repentance that concludes with Yom Kippur, or the Day of Atonement. Rosh Hashanah starts on the first days of Tishrei (the seventh month on the Hebrew calendar), which usually places it in September or October, and many choose to celebrate the holiday on just one day.

READ MORE >>>>>>>>>>>>>

Multicultural Education in the Music Classroom: Definitions, Methods, and Motives

Multicultural Education in the Music Classroom: Definitions, Methods, and Motives
dissertation by – Candace Rhnea Stafford-Davis


ABSTRACT This study aims to understand the multicultural teaching experiences of music teachers in the Fayetteville and Springdale public school districts through the lens of James Banks’ four approaches to curriculum reform. The research is intended to add to the limited literature presently found on the definition of multicultural music education and how this type of education is implemented. The study will also increase knowledge of teacher motives for implementing multicultural education in the music classroom and highlight challenges that lie within implementation. Purposive sampling was used and in an attempt to get an information rich sample, two schools were chosen from the Fayetteville school district and six schools were chosen from the Springdale school district. A qualitative approach was used for this study. The participants were interviewed using a semi-structured set of questions and one classroom observation followed the initial interviews. The data of the interviews and observations was transcribed. The transcribed, raw data of interviews and lesson observations of each teacher was read several times and themes were identified based on the research questions using the data reduction method. The findings of the study produced a definition for multicultural music education orginating from the definitions of Banks, Carolin, and the definitions of those who participated in this study. Participants in this study implemented multicultural music education through Holidays as well as thematic units. The participants most notably used foreign language songs, instruments from other countries, and foreign dances to teach multiculturally. Most participants believed that multicultural education should be implemented in the music classroom because of the diverse population of their classrooms and the communities in which they live. Lastly, this study found that Fayetteville and Springdale music educators are teaching multiculturally in their classrooms. One of the eight teachers was thought to be implementing Banks’ approach at level one, the contributions level. Six of the eight teachers were thought to be implementing Banks’ approach at level two, the additive level. One of the eight teachers was thought to be implementing Banks’ approach at level three, the transformation level.


read at –

Classical music ‘excludes’ composers from minorities



Eleanor AlbergaImage copyrightGUY LEVY
Image captionEleanor Alberga spoke about ‘a hesitancy or even condescension in welcoming black people as part of the classical music family’

Composers from minority groups are “effectively silenced” because they do not fit into classical music’s “inner club”, a composer has said.

Eleanor Alberga said the classical music world is “not very inclusive and I suspect there are wider issues here, like unconscious racism and class”.

Jamaica-born Alberga said most of her commissions came for projects with a “racial agenda” such as slavery.

She was speaking at a conference on diversity organised by BBC Radio 3.

“I think most composers tend to feel left out, and even white composers do get left out,” she told the conference in Manchester.

read more>>>>